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Preparation of Nano-Hydroxyapatite Coated Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Hydroxyapatite Composites

Uniform and dense nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA) coating with nanorod-shaped structure was fabricated on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by combining electrodeposition with biomineralization. The CNTs with nHA coating (nHA–CNTs) were used as reinforcement to improve the mechanical properties of HA. Firstly, a mixed acid solution of nitric acid and sulfuric acid was used to treat CNTs (NS–CNTs). The dispersion of NS–CNTs was obviously improved, and O-containing functional groups were grafted on the surfaces of NS–CNTs by treatment. Then, calcium phosphate (CaP) was deposited on NS–CNTs by electrodeposition, and NS–CNTs were provided with numerous active nucleation sites for the next coating preparation process. Then nanorod-shaped HA crystals were obtained on the surfaces of NS–CNTs by biomineralization. Using the CNTs with nHA coating (nHA–CNTs) as reinforcement, HA-based composites reinforced with CNTs and nHA–CNTs (nHA–CNTs/HA) were fabricated by pressure-less process. Bending strength and fracture toughness of 1.0 wt % nHA–CNTs reinforced HA composites (HAnC1) reaches a maximum (30.77 MPa and 2.59 MPa), which increased by 26.94% and 7.02% compared with 1.0 wt % CNTs reinforced HA composites, respectively. Importantly, the fracture toughness of HAnC1 is within the range of that to compact bone. This work provides theoretical and practical guidance for preparing nHA coating on nanomaterials. It also contributes to the potential application of nHA–CNTs/HA composites for artificial bone implants.

» Author: Xueni Zhao

» Reference: doi: 10.3390/coatings8100357

» Publication Date: 08/10/2018

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This project has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n° [609149].

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