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Nanoscale toughening of carbon fiber?reinforced epoxy composites through different surface treatments

Interests in improving poor interfacial adhesion in carbon fiber?reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites has always been a hotspot. In this work, four physicochemical surface treatments for enhancing fiber/matrix adhesion are conducted on carbon fibers (CFs) including acid oxidation, sizing coating, silane coupling, and graphene oxide (GO) deposition. The surface characteristics of CFs are investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X?ray photoelectron spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, interfacial shear strength, and interlaminar shear strength. The results showed that GO deposition can remarkably promote fiber/matrix bonding due to improved surface reactivity and irregularity. In comparison, epoxy sizing and acid oxidation afford enhancement of IFSS owing to effective molecular chemical contact and interlocking forces between the fiber and the matrix. Besides, limited covalent bonds between silane coupling and epoxy matrix cannot make up for the negative effects of excessive smoothness of modified CFs, endowing them inferior mechanical properties. Based on these results, three micro?strengthening mechanisms are proposed to broadly categorize the interphase micro?configuration of CFRP composite, namely, “Etching” “Coating”, and “Grafting” modifications, demonstrating that proper treatments should be chosen for combining optimum interfacial properties in CFRP composites. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 1–8, 2018. © 2018 Society of Plastics Engineers

» Author: Xiaomin Yuan, Bo Zhu, Xun Cai, Kun Qiao, Shengyao Zhao, Min Zhang

» Reference: Polymer Engineering & Science 10.1002/pen.24978 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/pen.24978?af=R Article A Review on Direct Assembly of Through?the?Thickness Reinforced Metal–Polymer Composite Hybri

» Publication Date: 22/12/2018

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This project has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n° [609149].

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